Games aimed at the development of the imagination. They can be divided into three groups: verbal games, games, and non-verbal “mental pictures.”
Verbal games are either inventing children to the end of a strange situation (what happens if the teacher priprygaet to class on one leg) or a collective work or a selection of tales of various associations in any way.
Non-verbal games involve children image in different ways, “how can fun” of a living being or inanimate object, that is, some overlap with role-playing techniques.
Quite often, can be used “mental pictures.” Children close their eyes and the music (sounds of rain, thunder, sea, morning wood, etc.) come up with a picture, and then tell it to the group. The task may be complicated because children are given a certain topic for the image (friendship or something very terrible), or in addition to the sound, adds kinesthetic stimulus (the children are given a fluffy tail or hold a piece of marble, etc.). As we have said, a mental picture can “revive”. The author selects the images of children on the role of heroes and items of your image, tells them where to stand, how to move, what to say. On the “One, two, three, picture, Revive” heroes and items pictures start to move, then all the children clap the author and actors pictures.
Job using therapeutic metaphors. The main feature of self-development – is that the person taking responsibility for their own development. For this it is necessary that a person was present knowledge of their resources and access to resources. The most effective at this stage of the therapeutic use of metaphor, since already in the structure of metaphors inherent appeal to resources. Usually there are the following components of the therapeutic metaphor:
metaphorical conflict or the appearance of a situation in which the hero becomes ill due to the best of its problems (the difference from the other, the presence of fear, etc.);
metaphorical crisis – offensive intolerable situation for the hero carrying the symbols of death;
searching and finding resources within themselves – the opening of a new hero of the capabilities needed to address the crisis;
celebration and festival – the arrival of the situation of success, recognition from others.
Usually metaphors correspond to a particular symptom and difficult situation, is there for children. We believe that, in addition to relieving symptoms and resolve difficult situations, systematic presentation of metaphors helps children learn their basic idea of the metaphor in a difficult situation it is necessary to search for resources within itself, and this will necessarily lead to success. Thus, the child is formed “self-help”: “Seek force to resolve the conflict in itself, you’re sure to find them, and you’ll probably win the difficulties.” Here is an example of a therapeutic metaphor for third graders.
Fairy tale “Fly up, Sonia”
This story took place in the old days when people knew how to fly. And, of course, is not able to fly like chicken or our urban pigeons, barely looking up from the ground. People were flying like gulls – rapidly and enthusiastically. But how do they learn it? That’s what I tell you.
Sonia also did not know what to do to fly, although she often dreamed of myself hovering over lakes, rivers, forests and meadows. And now the time has come, and it led to the teacher. It was a very old teacher, for some reason like a boy, radiating warmth and amazing comfort. “Do you want to fly, Sonia? – He asked. – Think carefully before you answer. On earth do you have it all: sports, sweets, beautiful things. On the ground, you have nowhere to fall. A fly can be dangerous. And the more dangerous, the faster and higher you will fly. And you should want very, very badly to your “want” has become a hard beam, punching all the obstacles. ” “Very much,” – said Sonya.