Among the participants are selected by “Mom” and “student.” “Apprentice” is writing on a piece of paper and shows it to evaluate so that saw only a “mom.” “Mama” has no words to express my feelings so that the other children guess what grade received a “disciple.”
Controversial game. One of the main methods used in the social and psychological training, a group discussion. It allows you to implement the principle of subject-subject interaction, to identify the different points of view on any issue.
However, the introduction of the method of discussion in our program is specific because the younger students, as a rule, do not have the skills to lead the debate: they are more familiar is the adoption of opinions adult, and not to create their own.
So it took to construct a special game forms of discussion, such as “Choosing the path.”
Choosing the way
Leading the boys like a fairy tale, in which Ivan Tsarevich on the intersection of three roads did choose his path. Sam made a choice and he got the result. And it turned out that is not always the easiest path leads to success. Facilitator asks the children to think: “Maybe in our lives is that we seem to stand at the intersection of several roads and from ourselves, from our choice determines which way we will go, how the rest of our lives.” Then the host offers an example consider the school as a point of choosing the road. Drawn on the blackboard one road leading to the school children, and a few more divergent. Children together with the teacher give them names, “to fives at any cost, to praise,” “to knowledge through effort”, “to the triples through laziness.” The boys pondered what the road to the future will lead to success.
As seen from this example, the introduction of the game form can significantly increase the effectiveness of the discussion in children. It is clear that the discussion methods are mainly used with younger students.
Emotional and symbolic methods. They are based on the idea of Carl Jung and his followers that the formation of the characters reflects the desire of the mind to the development and transformation of symbols or patterns of fantasy into tangible facts by drawing, writing short stories and poetry, sculpture promotes personal integration. We used two main modifications of emotional and symbolic methods proposed by D. Allan.
A panel discussion of different feelings: joy, resentment, anger, fear, sadness, interest. As a necessary stage in the discussion used children’s drawings made on the theme of feelings. And at the stage of drawing sometimes researched and discussed the feelings and thoughts that can not be open during verbal communication.
B. The drawing direction, ie, drawing on specific topics. Our program used drawing while listening to the therapeutic metaphor. Children are invited to paint any picture that conjures up the metaphor. The drawing can also be used at the initial stage of the work before the serial painting, facilitates the process of self-discovery for children and the decision-making process.
Relaxation methods. Based on an understanding of the state of relaxation as the antipode of stress in terms of its appearance, characteristics and mechanisms of formation of start-up. The program includes exercises based on the method of active neuromuscular E. Jacobson relaxation, breathing techniques, visual and kinesthetic techniques. Method of neuromuscular relaxation E. Jacobson involves achieving a state of relaxation through the alternation of strong and rapid voltage relax the muscles of the body.